The term applied to the ability to do work is energy.

Energy is a property of objects that enables them to do work, which is the exertion of a force on an object over a distance to cause a change in motion or physical state. Energy can exist in various forms, such as kinetic energy, potential energy, thermal energy, electromagnetic energy, and more.

The SI unit of energy is the joule (J), defined as the amount of energy required to exert a force of one newton over a distance of one meter. Other commonly used units of energy include the calorie (cal) and the kilowatt-hour (kWh).