The formula V = IR represents Ohm’s Law, which is a fundamental relationship in electrical circuits.

## Here’s what each symbol in the formula stands for:

• V: Represents voltage, measured in volts (V). Voltage is the electrical potential difference between two points in a circuit. It is often referred to as “electrical pressure” and is responsible for driving the flow of electric current through a conductor.
• I: Represents current, measured in amperes (A). Current is the rate of flow of electric charge through a conductor. It indicates how many electrons pass through a point in the circuit per unit of time.
• R: Represents resistance, measured in ohms (Ω). Resistance is a property of a material or component that opposes the flow of electric current. It quantifies how difficult it is for current to pass through a component.

Ohm’s Law states that in an electrical circuit, the voltage (V) across a component is directly proportional to the current (I) flowing through it, and this relationship is moderated by the resistance (R) of the component.

## Mathematically, Ohm’s Law can be expressed as:

V = IR

This formula is used to calculate voltage, current, or resistance in a circuit when the values of the other two parameters are known. It’s a fundamental tool for understanding and analyzing electrical circuits and is widely used in electrical engineering and electronics.